jbo竞博体育官网:数字服务并非免费 免费信息的高昂代价

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本文摘要:in The past few weeks something we always knew to be true,but which we preferred to overlook for convenience ' s sake,is proving harder to The事实上,数字服务不是免费的,也不是免费的。

in The past few weeks something we always knew to be true,but which we preferred to overlook for convenience ' s sake,is proving harder to The事实上,数字服务不是免费的,也不是免费的。硅谷任何声称需要获得免费数字服务的公司都是这样说的。只是因为那句话符合他们或其他人的利益。

(大卫亚设,Northern Exposure(美国电视剧),免费名言)Think of all the free digital services you use every day without paying a penny 3360 email请查看每天不花一分钱就能使用的所有免费数字服务,包括电子邮件、旅行应用程序、社交媒体、YouTube、搜索、维基百科等。If you had to pay for all of them,how many would you use?如果所有这些服务都要收费的话,你还不会用很多吗?this revelation is not the result of a crash in the share prices of companies providing free internet services。我们放心,接受免费互联网服务的公司股价不是下跌的结果。

nor is it because a plethora of app companies has run out of financing options for their loss making operations。it has hit us because the fake news scandal has led us to question whether the news and information we have been consuming online for nothing was ever beii我们感到放心的原因是,由于假新闻丑闻,我们开始猜测在网上免费消费的新闻和信息是否以符合我们利益的方式分解。霍华德,The outrage that has followed this realisation-with free services such as Google and Facebook being urged to censor and filter The news但是,这一理解引发的愤怒——是谷歌(Google)、Facebook等免费服务提供商审查和过滤新闻3354,是对现实的错误诊断。

the right diagnosis is this : over the past 20 years we have normalised a digital economy that funds itself either by appealing to the sort of inves the准确的临床是,在过去20年里,我们已经使这种数字经济正常化。这种经济是通过两种方式筹集资金的。一是为了获得最终垄断控制权,有多年不愿意烧钱的投资者,二是在道德模糊的情况下创造需要盈利的商业模式。

where traditional media institutions feared to tread with advertising-funded models because of a belief in editorial respons ibility,baa现有媒体机构以对编制责任、均衡和背景的考虑为基础,制定了The lines between editorial、advertising、entertainment and political propaganda became entirely blurred in The que(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦,北方执行)。An ecosystem,in case you do not know,is a state of mutual co-dependence between organis ms,Often where one organism has to submit to the生态系统(如果不说的话)是不同有机体相互依赖的状态,经常需要一个有机体屈从于另一个有机体,以保持平衡。这一切都不是新的。the last time a country normalised a complex web of inter dependencies,it was called Gosplan。

过去一个国家是否使简单的相互依赖网络正常化,还是苏联国家计划委员会(GOSPlan)Just Like Today ' s Internet Economy,This Soviet System Was based on the Idea that A Technocratic and Scies和现在的网络经济一样,苏联的这一体制是基于某种技术官僚和科学的中央计划过程,可以为教化某些人而惩罚其他人的理念。And,like today's internet economy,It normalised the false idea that scientific progress could cultivate a cornucopia of free resources也就是说,科学变化可以种植免费资源的花盆,费用和权利丧失。(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦)That fallacy ended abruptly in 1985。

这个错误在1985年轰然倒塌。A spate of economic crises,consumer shortages and regional instabilities,including the re-emergence of nationalistic sentiments reverved当时一系列经济危机、消费品短缺和地区不稳定What followed was the era of perestroika and glasnost,meaning restructuring and openness respectively。因此,改革(peres troika)和对外By that point、however、it was too late to save the Soviet system。

但是现在挽回当时的苏联体制为时已晚。its internal imbalances had be come too large。内部泄漏过于严重。In 1991,the USSR collapsed under the weight of its own failing economy。

1991年苏联因经济恶化的重压而解体。Yet,in the wake of that collapse,something else happened。但是苏联解体后经常出现新的情况。

the removal of subsidies from those who had grown so hopelessly dependent on the system that they could not fend for them selves outside it led to a BAC klled不可救药地依赖苏联体制,停止补贴没有这个体制不能养活自己的人,引起了反感。many yearned for the return of the old system,no matter the totalitarian cost。

不管极权主义政权的成本有多低,很多人都渴望回到原来的体制。Political freedom、it turned out、was in some cases just too costly。事实证明,有时政治权利的代价太大。

imagine what the outcome would be if the digital economy experienced a similar adjustment。