谴责诺基亚和微软公司合作提高智能手机的价格-jbo竞博体育官网

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本文摘要:在他们后面横亘着诺基亚(nokia)的手机事业,后者销售给微软公司。知识产权领域白热化的口水Googletookaimatthesamearrangementinacomplainttoeuropeansitaccusedthefinnishcompanyandmicrosoftofcolludingtoraisesmartphonepricesandsidesteppatentconcessionsthatareessentialtothesmoooorkets

googleandapplearethemostvaluablecompaniesintheworld,andundoubtedwinnersfromthesmartphoneboom.Google和apple intheirwakeliesnokie whichwassoldtomicrosoftandlaterwounddown .在他们后面横亘着诺基亚(nokia )的手机事业,后者销售给微软公司。But,whenitcomestodefendingthemselvesagainstthearsenalofpatentsnokiabuiltupinitsyearsatthetop。theustecheavyweightswanttheworldtoviewthemasvictimsofunfairandanti-competitive behaviour .但是,我们在谈论Nokia在高峰时期积累的专利库thatratherdeliciousironyemergedthisweek是asapplefiledaprivateantitrustsuitagainsttwocompaniesthathaveactedasenforcersofnokia appleclaimedthatnokiawastakingadvantageofalegalsystemthatisripeforabusebycarvingupitspatentholdingsandpassingthemontospecial ISS 诺基亚主张削减一些拥有专利的东西,转移到专业公司,利用了更容易被欺骗的法律制度。

intheheatedrhetoricoftheintellectualpropertyindustry, nokiahadbecomethatmostdetestedofanimals : apatenttroll .知识产权领域白热化的口水Googletookaimatthesamearrangementinacomplainttoeuropeans itaccusedthefinnishcompanyandmicrosoftofcolludingtoraisesmartphonepricesandsidesteppatentconcessionsthatareessentialtothesmoooo rkets .谴责诺基亚和微软公司合作提高智能手机的价格,避免科学技术市场稳定运转的重要——专利许可。Today, itistemptingtoviewallofthisasabattleinvolvingdeep-pocketedcompaniesthataremorethancapableoftakingcareofthemselver butithasthron questionforthetechindustryatlarge .但是,我强调了整个科学技术行业最重要的问题。atissuearepatentassertionentities-specialisedcompaniessetuptobuyandenforceiprights .争论的焦点是专利主张实体,是为了收购和行使知识产权而设立的According to critics,thesemercenariesfeelnoqualmsaboutabusingashakylegalsystemtodemandexcessiveroyalties, upsettingadelicatebalanceinthetechworldbetweeninventorsandthe companiesthatgainfromtheirinventions .批评者认为这些佣兵放荡地脆弱性百出之法someaspectsofthepatentenforcersaremoreobnoxiousthanothers .专利行使公司中特别有不满。

In a recent study是, theusfederaltradecommissiongenerallyapprovedofwhatittermedportfoliopaes-companiesthatbuylargebundlesofpatents-astheyproved USS andmorethanhalfofthemshareprofitswiththeinventors .在最近的研究中,美国联邦贸易委员会(FTC )基本上反对将其称为组合的专利主张实体。True,theymaybemorewillingtoresorttolegalactionthantechcompanieswithindustryrelationshipstoprotect, andtheyaresetupwitheexpertiseandriskcapitaltogotowar .确实,与必须考虑确保行业关系的科技公司相比,可能不希望忽视法律行动,此外,还会引发诉讼战争butthisbyitselfdoesnotmakethemevil .但是,它本身不想成为恶魔。A second,moreseriousquestioniswhetherpaesengageinasymmetricwarfare .第二个更坦率的问题是专利主张实体是否发生了不平面战争。

as off-the-shelflegalvehicleswithnooperatingbusinessesoftheirown, theycansuewithoutfearofacountersuit .作为自己不运营业务的现有法律实体,theymightalsoactasshellcompaniesfortheoriginalpatentowners makingitharderfordefendantstopressforlegaldiscoveryfromthecompaniesthatfirstwonthepatentrights .这些作为专利的第一个所有者壳公司,被告方是第一个获得theselesswelcomeside-effectsseemacceptableiftheyareoutweighedbythebenefitsofoutsourcinglegalrights .如果外包法的权利收益只是这些人气的副作用But there are other,moreperniciousresultsthatmaybehardertoswallow .但是,更危害的结果不能让你拒绝接受。oneisthesecrecyaroundsomepaes.1是一些专利主张实体的神秘性。whentheultimatebeneficiaryofalegalactionishidden,itisimpossiblefordefendantstohitbackwiththeirownlegalaction .一起提起诉讼的最后一个受益人suchasspreadingaportfolioofpatentsthroughanumberofdifferentlegalentitiesthenforcingacompanysuchasappletobuymultiplelicencesto w technology .被迫将一系列专利转移到许多不同的法律实体,迫使苹果等公司为本质上完全相同的技术销售多个专利。

thispracticeisknownintheindustryasroyaltystacking .这种做法在业界被称为专利费转换(royalty stacking )。anothervalidconcerniswhethersomecompanieshaveusedpaestoescapetheirobligationstomaintainopenindustrystandards .另一个令人担心的是whentheyownpatentstotechnologythatplaysapartinindustrystandards, companiessuchasnokiaacceptlimitsonhowaggressivelytheycanenforcetheirrights .如果享有影响行业标准的技术专利,需要对其需求以多大的力量行使权利But,oncethepatentsareheldbyanarm’slengthcompany,the same restraints might not apply .但是,专利如果是关联公司持有的话,有可能不限定某种程度的允许苹果’sclaimswouldcarrymoreweightifthecompanyitselfhadnotbeenaccusedofbalkingattheindustry’susualmethodsfordealingwith y standand butoneofnokia’ssuitschargestheiphonemakerwithrefusingtolicenseasetofpatentsusedintheh.264 videocompressionstandard, eventhoughmanyothertechcompanieshaveacceptedthesameterms .但是,诺基亚在共同诉讼中指责苹果拒绝为H.264视频压缩标准中使用的一系列专利支付专利费。即使很多其他科技公司拒绝接受某种程度的条款。itisalsoquestionablewhethereuropeancompetitionregulatorswouldracetothedefenceofustechcompaniesthathavecomeunderotherscrutinyin 其他问题上布鲁塞尔审查的美国科技公司是否有意被保护也被批评。

withtheamountsatstakerising-andpatentenforcersnowanentrenchedpartofthelegallandscape-acloserlookattheirtacticsappearsof相关利用。


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